Naqshbandiya, also written as Nakşibendi (Turkish) or an-Naqshbandiyyah (Arabic), is one of the major Sunni spiritual orders of Sufism. Whereas most of the other tariqat (Sufi order) genealogies (silsila) are linked to the Prophet Muhammad through Ali bin Abi Thalib, the Naqshbandiya genealogies are connected to the Prophet Muhammad through Abu Bakr, the first Caliph. Naqshbandiya is the largest and one of the oldest Sufi orders in the world.

History and Figures

The founder of the Naqshbandiya was Muhammad bin Muhammad Baha ‘al-Din al-Uwaisi al-Bukhari al-Naqshbandi (1318–1389). His childhood was spent studying from Sufi masters before he institutionalized his own “Sufi order” (tarekat). The development of this tarekat began in Central Asia and then spread to Turkey, Syria, Afghanistan, India, and then later to America, Europe, and ...

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