Although societies have long been demographically multicultural, multiculturalism as a focus of scholarly attention largely emerged in the 1990s, mostly in the political philosophy field in order to develop a theory for the recognition of group rights and cultural difference. Multiculturalism has a wide range of meanings, but it is generally considered to be a strategy for achieving inclusion in ethnically diverse societies.

Multiculturalism has been used as, among other things, a descriptor for (a) the demographic reality of diversity, (b) an ideology of inclusion, (c) a practice of diversity management, and (d) a legal and policy strategy. It is thus important to clarify in which sense it is being used in any given context. Moreover, the content of multiculturalism may change from place to ...

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