Monotheism is the belief in, and worship of, one god. Etymologically, the compound word stems from two Greek words: monos meaning one, single, and alone; and theos meaning God. Together they signify the belief in the singular God and form the doctrinal creed for many of the world’s religions. Today, monotheism is the major belief system for almost half the world’s population, with the Abrahamic traditions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam being its main adherents.

Monotheism as a term was first coined by Henry More (1614–1687) in 1660, as part of an effort to categorize religions. However, the idea of monotheism in other literary traditions, such as the Bible and other theosophical works, existed much earlier. The works of many classical Muslim theosophists identify the term ...

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