Liberation Theology

Liberation theology is a Christian movement whose theoretical and practical proposals focus on the preference for the underprivileged and for the marginalized classes and groups of society. Some consider it the most powerful religious movement to have originated in Latin America. Reading the Bible and the Gospel from the perspective of the oppressed has led liberation theology to choose the “option for the poor” as the central axis of the Christian message. This movement originated as a consequence of the radicalization of the social commitment of Christians during the 1960s in light of the crisis of dependent capitalism in Latin America, the Cuban revolution (1959), and the profound renovations of the Catholic Church driven by the Second Vatican Council (Vatican II; 1962–1965).

In the 1960s, a ...

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