Late Modernity and Postmodernity

Current societies, especially Western ones, are now in a period which is called ‘postmodernity’ by postmodern thinkers or ‘late modernity’ (also called ‘high, liquid, or second modernity’) by a type of revised modernist thinkers. It is largely agreed amongst social scientists that the initial project of modernity has failed and is perceived as being in a crisis state. It is no longer a vehicle of ultimate meanings. The dream of material and scientific progress, devoid of religion’s having a place in the public sphere, proposed more than two centuries ago, and increasingly accepted as common sense, has lost its plausibility. Out of this loss, a reaction has appeared, postmodernism as a theory and postmodernity/late modernity as an effective historical trend.

The term ‘postmodernity’, or ‘late modernity’, ...

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