Judaism simply defined is the culture of the Jews. It is a total system encompassing the peoplehood, the identity, the culture, the religion, and the citizenship of the Jewish people. From its basic religious tenets to its sociopolitical evolution, Judaism appears as a complex system constantly negotiating between religious ideals and social reality.

Judaism’s Religious System

Debates are never-ending on the question of whether Judaism should be called the religion of a people, or a people with a religion. Beyond the chicken or egg dilemma, Judaism is a system that connects a people with a body of texts: The Torah (hence their nickname as People of the Book), a story which tells them both who they are and how to live, through a revealed law focusing on ...

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