Islamophobia is a prejudice against Islam and Muslims based on negative generalizations or stereotypes that can manifest subtly as aversion or mocking, or overtly as discrimination or attack. Some commentators define Islamophobia in a literal sense as fear of Islam, but Islamophobia may be based on hatred or ignorance rather than on fear, and it may not involve an objection to Islamic doctrine. Due to the limitations of the term, some commentators have proposed Muslimophobia, anti-Muslim prejudice, and anti-Muslim racism as alternatives. Despite its imperfections, Islamophobia has become the dominant term similar to how anti-Semitism, xenophobia, and homophobia have become widespread despite not being perfect in their linguistic form.

It is unclear when the term Islamophobia originated, but it is often traced to the late 19th ...

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