Islamization can be defined as the process whereby groups, institutions, and societies give preference to and adopt Islamic values in various discourses and settings. It develops first with the consciousness of an Islamic religious identity that transcends these values to daily life and personal practice. Finally, it leads to a transfer of these values across the individual or group’s social identity, instructing and informing personal and social behaviour. In some cases, it seeks recognition of the needs and freedoms to practice the applied and communal elements of the faith tradition that is shaped around mainstream values in countries where there are limitations to these practices.

Historically, Islamization started in the Arabian Peninsula during the time of Prophet Muhammad, with the military expeditions and trade. It further ...

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