Scholarly research on Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) is challenging. Indeed, given the relatively recent origins of the organization itself as well as its secret nature, data are often spotty. Moreover, one must also take care to distinguish between common and expert knowledge. This transnational nonstate Sunni insurgent actor is known under different acronyms. Meanwhile, Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (DAESH in Arabic) designates the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (capitals of medieval Arab-dominated empires).

Some date the origins of ISIS to 1999 when Abu Musab Al-Zarqawi formed the militant Organization of Monotheism and Jihad in Jordan. Appointed by Bin Laden as the Emir (leader) of Al-Qaeda in Iraq following the U.S.-led occupation of Iraq in 2003, Zarqawi took the ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles