Interviews are a conversation between an interviewer and participant. They are generally undertaken with a single participant but in some cases may be with multiple people (such as in focus groups) and can be included as part of an ethnography. Interviewing is the most common form of data collection in qualitative research and commonly used in quantitative survey research. It is a frequently used technique in the sociology of religion due to the need to understand the personal perspectives of those being studied and how they may be influenced by social structures.

The questions discussed are most often skewed towards the interests of the interviewer, with the emphasis on researchers asking questions and listening and respondents answering. Most research interviews have a structure consisting of an ...

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