Intentional Communities

The word community suggests an ongoing, full-featured association of people, small to moderate in size, based on face-to-face interactions. Intentional communities, also sometimes called utopian communities, are formed as a result of conscious intent on the part of their founders to create a way of life significantly better than that in the general society. Such communities are almost always highly critical of central features of the general society. They differ, therefore, from communities simply held together by tradition or formed through an accident of location, gradual growth, or central planning. Many, although not all, intentional communities, including the most successful ones, are held together by religious or spiritual beliefs.

The label intentional community encompasses a number of specific types, including communal societies, cooperative colonies, ecovillages, communes, ...

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