Ibn-Khaldun (Abū Zayd ‘Abd ar-Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad ibn Khaldūn) was a 14th-century Arab scholar. Born in Tunis on May 27, 1332, he died March 17, 1406, and was buried at a Cairo Sufi cemetery. Ibn-Khaldun who was also known as a forerunner of the modern disciplines of historiography, sociology, geography, economics, politics, and even linguistics. He was best known for his book the Muqaddimah. The title can be translated as “Introduction” since it was the first of seven volumes of Ibn-Khaldun’s book of Kitab al-’Ibar (World History). It may also be translated as “Premise” since it sets out the foundations for the social theories Ibn-Khaldun later developed.

Muqaddimah consists of a history of human development from the nomadic Arab Bedouins to settled life under the Sultanate ...

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