‘Hyper-real religion’ is a sociological term coined to describe a new trend in religion and spirituality, in which people are creating and practising religions/spiritualties based on popular culture. The term is used to explore the intersection between the fluid cultures of post/late modernity and religion/spirituality. It was first described in the book Religion and Popular Culture: A Hyper-Real Testament, by Adam Possamai. Possamai uses Jean Baudrillard’s theory that people are living in an age of hyper-reality, in which they are fascinated by simulations that lack a real-world referent.

He posits these simulations as part of the popular cultural, in which the fictional character and world become more ‘real’ than a real person or the real world. Possamai applies Baudrillard’s theory to religions that are engaged with ...

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