Antonio Gramsci (1891–1937) was cofounder of the Communist Party of Italy in 1921. Born in Sardinia, he enrolled in 1911 at the Faculty of Arts in Turin, a city of both workers and bourgeoisie, where liberalist and socialist intellectuals competed. Gramsci was fascinated by socialism. In Turin, he later began publishing a magazine, L’Ordine Nuovo (The New Order), which supported the workers’ struggles of the time and began with a reflection on Marxism and the Russian Revolution of 1917. With the advent of Fascism in 1922, the Communist Party became one of the first targets of Mussolini’s regime. Gramsci was elected a Member of Parliament in 1924 and became one of the most critical voices in the House. In 1926, the Communist Party was dissolved ...

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