Foucault, Michel

Michel Foucault (1926–1984) was a French philosopher and historian who was interested in the connections between language, knowledge, power, and social control. His most well-known works were concerned with the histories of madness, the medical clinic, the prison, and the history of sexuality.

Foucault was born into a conservative Catholic family and attended a regimented Catholic school. Foucault regarded Christianity as a mechanism of power and part of an institutional structure that manipulated and controlled by silence. He further showed how Christianity revealed a complex alliance with medical and monastic organisations.

In addition to his interest in the formation of Western reason, Foucault was also interested in religion. As James Bernauer reports, each of the major areas that he wrote about, such as madness, medicine, language ...

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