Amintore Fanfani (1908–1999), a leading economist at the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, was a prominent Italian politician. Since the immediate postwar and for over 30 years, he had served as secretary of the Christian Democratic Party (‘Democrazia Cristiana’ [DC]), minister of labour and foreign affairs, prime minister, and senate speaker. In the late 1970s, his political influence started to decline, although he retained his authority and major position. This entry describes Amintore’s education, career, political activities, and his view of Catholicism, capitalism, and corporatism as a way to recover from the economic effects of the Great Depression or ‘Great Slump’.

The Catholic perspective pertaining to Fanfani’s political action took shape during the Fascist regime, of which he had been a staunch supporter, and ...

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