Exorcism is a religious ritual that relieves and cures persons obsessed by evil, demonic, and destructive possessions. This ritual is also used for places, objects, and animals considered to be infested by an evil influence. Being known as a magical and religious rite in ancient religions, exorcism was widely practiced in the early Middle Ages and the 16th and 17th centuries in Europe. In recent years, exorcism received renewed interest in the spirituality movement and on the part of religious institutions, psychologists, and social scientists.

The ritual of exorcism was practiced in primal religions such as Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism, Christianity, and Islam. Possessions by evil spirits can be manifested in material things and human bodies. The former is seen as infestations, including unexplained noises or smells; ...

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