Ethnography is a method of research based on an empirical approach that involves the immersion of the researcher in his or her field to study institutions, communities, situations, interactions, and individual and collective behaviors in detail. Living as closely as possible to, or even within, the social groups studied, the ethnographer, armed with a logbook, observes (among other things) for long periods of time, the material life, social activities, and interaction situations, such as language acts and gestures of the people studied. This method of knowledge production is also commonly referred to as long-term participant observation. This entry explores three dimensions of ethnography: (1) what it produces, (2) how it relates to knowledge, and (3) finally, how this perspective is particularly relevant to the study ...

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