Mary Douglas (1921–2007), born as Margaret Mary Tew in San Remo, Italy, was the dominant British anthropologist of her generation who made lasting contributions to the study of religion and culture. Having completed a degree in philosophy, politics, and economics at the University of Oxford, she was employed at the Colonial Office (1943–1946). Returning to Oxford in 1947, she completed a BSc in anthropology. She undertook fieldwork in the Belgian Congo (Zaire and later the Democratic Republic of the Congo) in 1949 and 1950 and with the Lele people in 1953, publishing The Lele of the Kasai (1963). She was a former student of E. E. Evans-Pritchard, eventually publishing a study of Pritchard, his work, and influence in 1980.

She was a professor of social ...

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