Discourse Analysis

In the early 1970s, the humanities and social sciences experienced a general shift in focus away from modernist and positivist epistemologies toward a more sustained focus on culture and meaning. Inspired in particular by 1960s post-structuralist critiques of modernist epistemologies and meta-narratives, the shift became known as the cultural turn. The cultural turn involved a radical questioning of the modernist picture metaphor view of language; that is, the view that words and language correspond to and are able to communicate pictures of the world as it is. In sharp contrast to such views, the cultural turn instead ushered in an understanding of language as constitutive of social reality, coupled with a new focus on how our language use and other modes of representation not only ...

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