The term deprivation theory was first used by the prominent American sociologist Samuel Stouffer in his book, The American Soldiers, which studied American young men under stress in the ground and air warfare. Although numerous scholars contributed to the 4-year study, Stouffer, as team leader, is regarded as the main contributor to the creation and development of the theory.

The wide use of the theory in the field of sociology of religion is credited to Charles Glock and Rodney Stark, who argue that those who suffer from deprivation will make an effort to eliminate it, not only through material means but also spiritual. Religion, in this case, is considered a solution from which a religious movement emerges. Sect is an example of a religious movement that ...

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