Daoism (Taoism in the Wade–Giles romanization of Chinese terms) is a native Chinese religion that exists in harmonious tension with Confucianism and since the 4th century with Chan Buddhism. Indeed, Chinese religious traditions are regarded as noncompetitive, drawing up functional rather than congregational support, so that a Chinese person may consult a Daoist or a Buddhist priest on the basis of a specific need rather than an encompassing belief.

Daoism is the name given by the Han Dynasty court historian, Sima Tan (140–110 CE), to teachings retrospectively identified along with five other Warring States Period (475–221 CE) schools of thought. The principal texts of Daoism in this sense are the 4th century CE Daodejing (Tao Te Ching) and the Zhuangzi (Chuang Tzu). Authorship of these ...

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