A counterculture, simply defined, is any movement or action that is an alternative cultural mode of expression, often in resistance or opposition to the dominant cultural values of society. Usually, the momentum raised by the movements has little or no impact on the rest of society, but in some instances, these movements have the ability to affect society as a whole, transforming particular cultural and social attitudes and behaviours. Although these movements have specific dimensions, the question of what forms culture and counterculture remains contested. In some ways, these countercultural movements reflect a generational shift in attitudes and behaviours, with the catalyst often a function of youth rebellion within a wider economic and sociological context of continuity and change.

The modern era has seen a ...

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