Conflict Perspective

Throughout history, there have been periods marked by conflict, often leading to tremendous social change, in particular during the mid-1800s onwards, when modern societies were facing all sorts of challenges of inequality, division, and conflict as the norm. The nature of economic relations within a society, pitting the bourgeoisie against the proletariat, or in modern parlance, the bosses against the workers, inevitably precedes social conflict according to the conflict perspective of the philosopher, political scientist, and sociologist Karl Marx.

Marx emphasised the importance of class conflict that arises because of the division of labour and the exploitation of the poor at the hands of the wealthy who seek to reproduce themselves through institutions designed in their image. This worldview appeared at a time when modern ...

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