As John Stuart Mill remarks in On Liberty, the founder and leader of Calvinism was Jean Calvin, a lawyer, theologian, and Protestant Reformer who was born and raised in France (in the town of Noyon, some distance from Paris, where a museum bears his name) in 1509 and educated in Paris. Calvin lived in France until 1536 when he moved to exile in the French-speaking Swiss city of Geneva. With some interruptions, he resided in Geneva until his death in 1564. Calvin transformed Geneva into an autocracy and a theocracy described as Christiana Respublica, the Christian Commonwealth, Christian Sparta, or the Rome of Protestantism, and he himself became a ruler of the city who reportedly acted as an autocrat and as the Pope of Protestantism.

According ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles