According to the Oxford Dictionary of English, blasphemy is the action or offence of speaking sacrilegiously about God(s), a deity, or sacred things, the profane talk. The word blasphemy derives from the Greek word blasphemia, a word consisting of ‘injure’ and ‘utterance, talk, speech.’ It literally means to defame, to speak with disrespect for someone, but not necessarily for God or religion. Although of ancient Greek origin, blasphemy became a fundamental component of monotheistic religions. In Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, blasphemy against God, the Holy Spirit, or sacred figures (prophets or Saints) became a critical offence, disapproved of by religious authorities and punished by death.

According to the Old Testament (Leviticus 24:16), those who speak blasphemy shall surely be put to death by stoning. In the ...

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