The English term atonement evolved in the 16th century and originated from the adverbial expression “at one,” which refers to the condition in which reconciliation has been realized. The doctrine of atonement teaches that God forgives humans through a merciful reconciliation, with them showing sincere desire to be forgiven. Thus, atonement is practiced by a person to get rid of obstacles in his or her relationship with God through performance of rituals of expiation. It is usually attached to sacrifice associated with ritual solemnity, moral conviction, and spiritual disposition.

Judaic Tradition

Kapparah, which means “reconciliation with God,” is a Hebrew word related to atonement. Based on Jewish belief, human sin harms the relationship with God, and the only way to restore it is through atonement. It is ...

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