Age is one of the major demographic factors that influences a person’s individual religiosity and lived religious experience. Furthermore, the period of time in which a person is born and the cohort of people with whom they are born are related to their lifelong religious orientation. Age is related to the development of religious practices, behaviors, and orientation. Scholars have long been interested in the cognitive and psychological acquisition of religiosity (and increasingly, no religiosity). Like all aspects of personhood, an individual’s religious orientation begins forming at the youngest age and continues to be shaped through childhood and adolescence.

Psychologists of religion, alongside biologists and neuroscientists, have explanations that center on the individual determinants of religiosity. By contrast, sociological approaches explore how a person’s religious orientation ...

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