Zoroastrianism is a global religious tradition whose boundaries and ritual practices are challenged by changes in modern societies. As a religious tradition, Zoroastrianism traces itself back to the ancient Iranian Prophet Zarathushtra and identifies him as the origin of the authoritative Zoroastrian scriptures, liturgies, rituals, beliefs, and ethics. Zoroastrians call their religion Zarathushti Din or Mazdayasna Daena, referring to Ahura Mazda (“Wise Lord”) as the creator of the world and their only God. While several kinds of positive spiritual beings, known as Yazatas “[beings] worthy of worship,” support humanity, Ahriman (Angra Mainu) acts as a negative counterpart. The main aspects of the tradition are the emphasis on the priestly and lay ritual; the differentiation between what is pure or impure; the ethics expressed through the ...

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