Adorcism refers to a kind of possession or contact with the supernatural that is desired by a human practitioner. It is a term borrowed by anthropologist Ioan Myrddin Lewis from the Belgian structuralist Luc de Heusch. Adorcism usually takes the form of possession or shamanic practices. In de Heusch’s typology, the shaman communes with the beyond human world, whereas during the possession, supernatural entities are received into the person. Therefore, shamanism is the practitioner’s ascent toward the spiritual realm, whereas possession is the descent and incarnation of the supernatural in the practitioner.

Although some possession can involve malevolent entities that require removal, adorcistic rituals encourage the establishment or the accommodation of a tutelary entity/entities (e.g., patron Gods, ancestors, spirits, and the Holy Spirit) within a ...

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