Miklós Tomka (1941–2010), a Hungarian sociologist of religion, was the most recognized scholar from Central and Eastern Europe among those dealing with religion. Although he began his education with economics, his entire academic career was devoted to researching religion. Within this field, Tomka was interested in many issues; among these were sociological theories of religion, methodological questions, church–state relations, as well as confrontations between Christianity and atheism. However, his most constant focus—resulting in a wealth of publications—was on empirical research into the religiosity of Hungarian society, into societies under Communism, and, comparatively, into the religiosity of Eastern and Western societies. Tomka was linguistically well prepared for such endeavors as he was very fluent in several languages including Hungarian (naturally), German (at a native level), English, ...

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