Syro-Malabar Churches

Syro-Malabar churches are a composite group of Christian communities located in Kerala, a southern Indian state established in 1956 out of the former British Presidency district of Malabar and the two Princely States of Travancore and Cochin. Kerala is a multireligious state, where the majority faith tradition, Hinduism, coexists with two large Christian (19%) and Muslim (25%) minority groups. According to the 2011 census, nearly 93% of the Christians are Syro-Malabar, the rest being Roman Catholics.

A clear-cut internal classification of the Syro-Malabar churches is difficult: schisms, reunifications, and reciprocal influence amongst these communities—as well as their relations with the Roman Catholic Church and/or the Oriental Churches—have changed considerably across history. Stepping outside of this group, and with a certain degree of approximation, it is, however, ...

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