Sociologists of religion have long theorized about and investigated the impact of religious ties on stratification outcomes. Early works focused on how religious factors influenced ascriptive positions in multicultural societies, with minority religious groups being limited in opportunities for attaining wealth and status through laws prohibiting the ownership of land, holding professional jobs, serving in the military, or attending prestigious schools or universities. Yet sociologists were also interested in how religious factors may lead groups and individuals into pursuits that either help or hinder their positions in the material world. Early works from Max Weber, Werner Sombart, and Fernand Braudel argue for the importance of religious connections for fostering success for Protestants, Jews, and Catholics in the developing capitalist economy. More contemporary works in the ...

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