Spirituality came into the focus of the sociological ambit in the 1980s as a reflection of cultural shifts in the 1950s and 1960s in North America and Western Europe. While the phenomenon of spirituality is intrinsic to every religious tradition and is a subject of careful consideration in the internal life of the religious individual, what attracted sociologists was the novelty that surrounded spirituality in two ways. First, the increasing variety of individual experiences related to spiritual development, the search for wholeness and meaning in life, and unity with the divine and the universe. All this was not limited to traditional religions. Second, this occurred precisely at the moment when the theory of secularization had predicted the progressive disappearance of religion. The change of sociological ...

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