Classical sociologists demonstrated a high interest in religion. In the 1960s, the sociology of religion also enjoyed prominence because the influential social theorists Peter Berger, Thomas Luckmann, and Robert Bellah thematized religion. In the 1970s and 1980s, sociologists of religion studied religious attendance, new religious movements, and globalization, while religion was largely ignored in general sociology. A decade later, sociologists of religion explored the shift to spirituality, gender, and the growing public role of religion. Influential social theorists like Jürgen Habermas and sociologists of religion began to examine multiculturalism and equal rights for religious minorities. In the early 21st century, several interdisciplinary research projects focused on religious diversity, and religion became a more central theme in sociological theory. Today, general sociology and the sociology of ...

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