Social Movements

Social movements are sustained and collective efforts to promote or resist changes in society. From movements for civil rights and equality, to environmentalist movements, to conservative revivals, social movements around the world have been animated by religious values, mobilized out of religious spaces, or have counted religious members among their most active participants. Additionally, movements shape how we understand religion. Both Islam and Christianity, for example, are often associated with the various movement organizations that carry the mantle of their respective faiths. To understand religious movements, this entry briefly examines three notable sociological perspectives: (1) the organizational capacity of social movements to act, (2) the meaning making that social movements engage in, and (3) how identities shape and are shaped by movement participation. Using these ...

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