This entry discusses two types of databases: databases for literature searches and databases for research data. These two types of databases are those that are most often part of a research process. Databases for literature searches are bibliographic databases, repositories, and information systems that are used to find relevant literature. These databases span the more commonly used digital library catalogs and discovery systems, disciplinary databases such as Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) for educational research, and generic scientific databases and online platforms (e.g., Web of Science, Scopus). Databases for research data can be used to retrieve data sets or collections of materials for research. This includes databases that maintain data collected through international surveys (e.g., Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study), data repositories, and ...

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