Construct Validity

Construct validity refers to whether the scores of a test or instrument measure the distinct dimension (construct) they are intended to measure. The present entry discusses origins and definitions of construct validation, methods of construct validation, the role of construct validity evidence in the validity argument, and unresolved issues in construct validity.

Origins and Definitions

Construct validation generally refers to the collection and application of validity evidence intended to support the interpretation and use of test scores as measures of a particular construct. The term construct denotes a distinct dimension of individual variation, but the use of this term typically carries the connotation that the construct does not allow for direct observation but rather depends on indirect means of measurement. As such, the term construct differs ...

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