Belmont Report

The Belmont Report is an authoritative document governing the ethical conduct of research involving human subjects. While it was originally conceived for biomedical and behavioral research, its principles have been employed and expanded on in other disciplinary fields such as philosophy, law, political science, sociology, and computer science. This entry presents an overview of the Belmont Report’s history, its three principles and their applications, and the issues that have been raised since its inception.


The Belmont Report was preceded by a number of other ethical codes developed since 1945 in order to protect human subjects against abuse. The Nuremberg Code, published in 1947 after the Nuremberg War Crime Trials revealed Nazi doctors’ exploitative experiments with concentration camp prisoners, offers a set of guidelines to safeguard human ...

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