LISREL is an acronym for linear structural relations and refers to a statistical program to conduct structural equation model (SEM) analyses. It was developed in the 1970s by Karl Jöreskog and Dag Sörbom of Uppsala University in Sweden. Although several statistical programs for SEM (e.g., AMOS, EQS, Mplus, CALIS) have since been developed, LISREL is the original and the most widely used.

SEM is a family of statistical techniques used for the systematic analysis of multivariate data to measure underlying hypothetical constructs (latent or endogenous variables) and their interrelationships. It is a framework that allows researchers to translate theory into a testable model. LISREL builds on statistical techniques such as correlation, regression, and analysis of variance and combines the strength of the confirmatory and data-reducing ...

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