Informed Consent

Protecting human participants in research is essential, and part of that process involves informed consent. Informed consent is an ongoing communication process between research participants and the researcher to ensure participants’ understanding and comfort. Informed consent allows potential research participants to volunteer their participation freely, in an informed manner, and without threat or influence. Generally, the purpose of informed consent is to protect each participants’ welfare, ensure the participants are voluntary and informed, and promote positive feelings before and after completing a study.

This entry begins with a brief history and then describes the necessary components of informed consent and some additional elements and considerations. Next, the entry discusses broad consent, the methods involved in obtaining informed consent, and special cases. The entry concludes with a ...

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