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Adolescence (from the Latin word adolescere, meaning “to grow up”) is a period of significant physical and psychological human growth that marks the transition between childhood and adulthood. Typically occurring between the ages of 10 to 19 years, adolescence is a time of self-discovery, disorientation, and independence. It is also marked by the exploration of one’s identity in the context of ethnicity/race, gender, and sexual orientation. Recent clinical and media attention has highlighted the role of adolescent identity formation as it relates to one’s gender identity. This review highlights the cognitive, psychological, and emotional factors that influence gendered behavior in adolescence.

Adolescent Identity Formation

During adolescence, individuals are faced with the challenge of exploring their own values, ethics, and morality. This process of discovering one’s distinct ...

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