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Gender-based violence (GBV) is discrimination, aggression, and human rights violations that affect women and girls disproportionately because of their gender. Shelah Bloom defined GBV as an all-encompassing term referring to violence that occurs due to patriarchal gender role expectations and power differences based on gender within a society. GBV, often referred to as interpersonal violence, often results in physical, sexual, emotional, or economic suffering or harm. This entry begins with a brief description of different types of GBV, followed by information on the effects of GBV. Then follows a discussion of the causes of GBV within a socioecological model as well as avenues for prevention and intervention.

Types of GBV
Child Abuse and Neglect

Childhood physical abuse (CPA) is the administration of serious physical punishment or intentional exposure ...

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