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Gender expression is how one expresses one’s gender to the world through appearance and behavior. Gender expression is critical to understand because most humans express their gender(s), but it is others’ perceptions of gender expression that directly influence interpersonal communication and behavior and, in turn, social, emotional, and physical outcomes. This entry introduces the concept of gender expression and discusses its spectrums, influencing factors, and related controversies.

Differentiating Gender Expression From Biological Sex

The distinction among gender identity, gender expression, and biological sex is often misunderstood. As a fundamental component of gender, gender expression is closely related to both gender identity and biological sex. Gender identity is a person’s internal feeling or identification as a woman, man, or some other gender. Gender expression is how one ...

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