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Cognitive development refers to the emergence of a broad range of intellectual skills over the course of childhood that forms the basis of thinking and reasoning. Some examples of these abilities include, but are not limited to, the development of sensation, perception, language, memory, logic, spatial reasoning, numerical estimation, motor coordination, and concept formation. Inquiry into cognitive development spans back to antiquity and was revived during the Enlightenment. However, the modern approach to cognitive development originates in the late 19th to early 20th centuries with the work of the French psychologist Alfred Binet (1895) and the Americans G. Stanley Hall (1916) and James Watson (1913), among others. The 20th century saw considerable advancement in theoretical understandings of cognitive development through the adoption of careful empirical ...

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