The term transsexual has been used to refer to a diverse group of individuals who challenge the gender binary, or the notion that there are two and only two distinct genders. The meanings of transsexual have changed or evolved over time and can vary among people who adopt the label. This entry describes some of the historical and contemporary usages of the term transsexual, cross-cultural issues regarding the recognition and understanding of transsexual people, and psychological perspectives, such as clinical views of transsexual individuals and prejudice toward trans people.

Historical and Contemporary Meanings

Gender identity refers to the gender with which an individual identifies. Many people identify as cisgender, meaning that their gender identity, including how they express their gender through the way they dress, behave, and ...

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