Suicide and Gender

It has been well documented that there is a strong difference in suicidal behavior by gender. Men die by suicide at a higher rate than do women, whereas women attempt suicide (but survive the attempt) at a higher rate than do men. This entry reviews the data on this difference, explores some hypotheses that have been proposed to explain this difference, discusses differences by ethnicity and culture, and briefly mentions the role of transgender in suicidal behavior.


The most recent statistical data available for suicide in the United States are from 2013. The nation as a whole had more than 41,000 deaths by suicide in 2013 (a rate of 13.0 per 100,000), with 32,055 suicide deaths in men (a rate of 20.6) and 9,094 suicide deaths ...

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