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Culture is generally understood to be a living and breathing environment organized by some commonality (e.g., race, country of origin, ability), including elements such as shared language and practices, socially constructed unwritten norms, general understandings, and perhaps even codified laws. Cultural shifts can happen slowly over time, as in the case of acceptance of women in the workplace or LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer) equality, or overnight, as a consequence of some major event like Magic Johnson announcing his HIV status or the coming out of Caitlyn Jenner on the front cover of Vanity Fair. Sex is understood in several different ways. By definition, sex is the state of being of male, female, or intersexual, but it can also be used to refer ...

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