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In the case of schizophrenia, men and women with schizophrenia differ in many ways, from symptom presentation to overall level of functioning. This entry first defines schizophrenia and summarizes the sex differences found in the disorder; then, it discusses three ideas about the origin of these differences. The term sex is used in this entry to describe biologically defined differences between men and women, and gender is used to refer to the culturally defined roles or behaviors that are associated with men and women.

What Is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a mental illness that affects approximately 1% of the population worldwide. It is characterized by three broad categories of symptoms: (1) positive symptoms, (2) negative symptoms, and (3) symptoms of disorganization. Positive symptoms include delusions (false beliefs, ...

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