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Racial Discrimination, Sexual Orientation–Based

Racial and ethnic minority (REM) lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) individuals represent a population with multiple marginalized statuses. Living at the intersection of two oppressed identities creates both unique and nuanced social locations for REM LGBTQ people. REM LGBTQ individuals often report disenfranchisement from their racial/ethnic communities due to their sexual orientation and gender identities, and similar exclusion from the LGBTQ community related to their REM identities. This entry presents theoretical frameworks for understanding the racism experiences of REM LGBTQ people in the LGBTQ community. In addition, a brief review of research pertaining to the unique racist discrimination experiences of REM LGBTQ individuals and associated mental and physical health consequences is provided. The entry concludes with a discussion of forms of resilience observed ...

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